Dayu Mausoleum

Dayu Mausoleum is located at the foot of Kuaiji Mountain southeast of Shaoxing City, Zhejiang Province. It is the place where Da Yu was buried. Yu was the famous water-control hero and the first ruler and founder of the Xia Dynasty. The whole mausoleum area consists of three parts, the Yu Mausoleum, Yu Temple and Yu Shrine. It covers a total area of more than 40 mu, and is listed as the national historic reservation unit with a construction area of 2700 square meters.

According to records, at that time, a great flood was said to have inundated the central plains. Dayu was appointed to control the water. He cut channels and builds other projects to drain the flood waters away to the sea. Dayu managed to have the water under control after 13 years of great efforts. Dayu was so devoted to the water-control that three times he passed his own home without ever entering. So he was admired by all Chinese. A few years later, he died in Shaoxing and was buried at the foot of Kuaiji Mountain.

The Yu Mausoleum faces Yu Pond, with a stone memorial gateway at the entrance. In 1995, the general secretary Jiang Zemin inscribed three characters Da Yu Ling on it. In front of the memorial gateway, there is a accumbent bronzy pillar named Dragon Bar with two stakes at both sides. Anyone who came here must get down from the horse or the sedan chair and walk into it in order to show respect for Dayu, no matter the person is emperor or common people. When passing through the memorial gate, you can see the Divine Road; the length of it is over one hundred meters. Five pairs of lapidarian divine animals were stand at the two sides of divine road. The stele pavilion titled "Da Yu Mausoleum" written by Nan Daji, the prefect of Shaoxing during the reign of Jiajing in Ming Dynasty, is at the end of divine road. The Yuwang Hill is behind the stele pavilion, Dayu was buried here. On the right side of the stele pavilion, there are Xianruo Pavilion, Stele Passageway and Feiyinquan Pavilion.

Yu Temple is in the northeast of Yu Mausoleum. It is a palatial architecture. The temple was originally built in early Liang period during the Southern Dynasty. On the central axis from south to north are respectively the Screen Wall, Goulou Stele Pavilion, Meridian Gate, Worshiping Hall and the Main Hall. The building stands higher along with the line of the mountain.

The Yu Shrine sits on the left of Yu Mausoleum. It is a flat house with two entrances and three rooms. There is a pond named Free Life Pond in front of the shrine. According to record, it was firstly built in Shaokang Period during the Xia Dynasty. After that the shrine had been destroyed and rebuilt many times. The two sides of the front entrance has the stone carvings, reading Dayu control water and remember the contribution and give rewards to him. The statue of Dayu was placed at the back entrance.

Dayu Mausoleum is one of the most famous places in the southeast of China. It is rich in the historic, humanistic, and artistic and tourism value.


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