Big Goose Pagoda

Situated in Da Ci'en Temple, about four kilometers from the urban center, the Big Goose Pagoda is one of the famous Buddhist pagodas in China. The body of the pagoda was intended to simulate Chinese wooden structure. The pagoda, typical of and built in praise of Buddhism, is considered to be a model work for storied towers of China. Inside, there is a rich collection of engraved inscriptions and calligraphic arts dating back to the Tang Dynasty. The tower in the middle of the Xian badge is this tower which is the symbol of the city.

Originally built in 589A.D, in the Sui Dynasty, the temple was named Wulou Temple. In 684A.D, Emperor Li Zhi, then still a crown prince, sponsored a repair project on the temple in memory of his mother, Empress Wende. It then assumed the present name Da Ci'en Temple (the temple of Thanksgiving). The temple consisted of 1,879 magnificent rooms and was a place of grand extent in the Tang Dynasty. However, the halls and rooms that have survived the ages were actually built in the Ming Dynasty.

The Tang Regime gave orders to build a chamber for the translation of Buddhist scriptures and appointed the widely renowned Monk Xuan Zang (Monk Trip taka) the head of the temple. Xuan Zang was a famous Buddhist, translator and traveler. At the age of 28 in 628A.D, he went to study Buddhism in India. He spent 17years doing research into Buddhism in various places. He took Chinese culture to India, at the same time, he returned to Chang'an with 657 volumes of Buddhist Scriptures. Then he translated Buddhist Scriptures in Da Ci'en Temple for 11 years. His "Travels in the Western Regions"  was based on what he had witnessed in about 128 countries and regions. He recorded their geographic locations and customs. His work provides an important source of information for the study of the history and geography of these regions.

In order to store the scriptures and statues he had brought back from India, Xuan Zang proposed the court to build a pagoda inside the temple.

Surrounding Big Goose Pagoda, the scenery is also quite charming, especially the square north of the Da Ci'en Temple. The square is the biggest fountain and waterscape square in Asia with 200,000 square meters of water area. It is consist of fountain and waterscape square, Tang-culture square, gardens and sights, culture porch and facilities of travel and business.

It has many No.1 in the world: it has the most benches, the longest light-bell, and the largest-scale acoustic complex. It is also the first square with drinkable water and dustbin with ashtray. Its technologies, the scale of sculptures, the duration of instruction, the investment instruction, the level of cleanness and many other aspects break area even world record.


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