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Aksu Prefecture is located in the western part of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, at the southern foot of Tianshan Mountain on the northern rim of Tarim Basin and bordering Kirghizstan to the west. It covers an area of 18,369 sq km. Its population is 2.2 million by the end of 2007. There are 30 ethnic groups living in Aksu including the Han, the Uygur, the Hui, and Russians. The Han ethnic group accounts for approximately 56% of Aksu's total population.

Aksu is rich in natural resources. Forests cover 40.3% of the city’s lands. Mineral resources such as phosphate, limestone, dolomite, basalt, gypsum, and quartz sand, ceramic materials, mercury barite, bauxite and coal are abundant.

Transportation in Aksu mainly relies on highways and air travel. State Highway 314 (which runs from Urumqi to Khunjerab) passes through the city. Aksu Airport, 12.5 km from the city's downtown, operates daily flights to Urumqi, the capital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.

Aksu is the birthplace of Guizi culture and Duolang culture, both of which comprise Uygur folk songs and dances. Guizi Culture spread to the central plains of China in Northern Wei Dynasty (AD386-534). Guizi Music was palace music in the Sui and Tang Dynasties. Duolang culture, a blend of aboriginal culture, Uygur culture and Mongol culture, has the reputation of living history of ancient folk songs and dances.

Aksu is an important tourism prefecture in southern Xinjiang and is known as a land of fish and rice in Western China. Tourist attractions in Aksu include Kizir Thousand-Buddha Cave, and the Tarim River.

Aksu is the headstream of Tarim River, which is the longest inland river in China. Due to its unstable water conditions, Tarim River is widely compared to an uncontrollable horse.

Because of the unique geographic location and natural environment, Aksu is an important grain and fruit production base. Apples, grapes, walnuts, and pears from this area are very delicious and well sold.

Aksu Tourist Attractions

    Tarim River

    Chief River of the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang, extreme northwestern ...

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