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Pu'er

 

Pu'er is located southwest of Yunnan Province, about 500 kilometers from Kunming. It takes 40 minutes to get there by plane. There are 10 counties under its jurisdiction, which are inhabited by 14 distinct ethnic minorities, such as Hani, Yi, Dai, Lahu, Wa, Bulang and Yao. The total minority population in the region numbers well over one million.

Pu'er borders Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam with a border of over 600 kilometers. More than 43% of its land area is covered by forests, which host a mild climate that receives plenty of rainfall.

Lancangjiang (Mekong River) originates in the Tibetan plateau. It runs through 6 counties within the Pu'er Prefecture. Lancangjiang consists of the upper branch of the Mekong River, which connects Xishuangbanna Prefecture, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam and finally flows out into the South China Sea. The river is 4,880 kilometers long and is called "the Danube in the East ". The opening of a water channel and of the Simao Port has made it possible to travel along the Lancang - Mekong River, enabling one to visit Laos, Myanmar and Thailand by boat.

Pu'er and Pu Erh Tea
Pu'er is the birthplace of Pu Erh Tea, a very famous international tea brand. Pu Erh tea processing history can be dated back to the East Han Dynasty over 1,700 years ago. The boost that this tea industry has brought the region has resulted in considerable economic benefits, and enhances a cultural exchange with the outside world.

Over 1,000 years ago, Pu Erh tea was carried into Tibet along the Tea-horse Road and became a daily necessity of the nomadic people, who used it to eliminate extra oil absorbed from prepared greasy foods such as cheeses and meats. 

The rigorous policy on controlling tea trade conducted by generations of imperial rulers was to promote tea-horse exchange and achieve their goal of purchasing war horses at low prices. This dramatically increased tea demand and accelerated the tea growing and processing industries.

The fact that Pu Erh Tea was favored by Emperor Qianlong and selected as one tribute to the imperial court has further increased the already famed product's popularity throughout China. It has been mentioned in world classics such as "Dream of the Red Chamber" and "War and Peace".

China's tea-planting history can be traced back for more than 2,000 years. China has made a great contribution to tea cultivation, tea processing, drinking, usage, and exploration, and even the forming and developing of tea culture in world civilization. 

Pu'er, home of the Pu Erh Tea, has preserved the most primitive wild tea trees, and it has developed its own unique influence on tea cultivation, processing and quality inspection, which are all parts of the brilliant and multi-featured tea culture.

In Pu'er, the significance of tea goes far beyond a kind of beverage. Instead, it signifies a culturally profound object which reflects back on slices of tea history and the Tea-horse Road.

Pu'er Tourist Attractions

 

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