The People's Republic of China is situated in the southeastern part of the Eurasian Continent, on the western coast of the Pacific Ocean. Having both marine and land boundary line of more than 20,000 kilometers and a coastline of 18,000 kilometers, China has a total land area of 9.6 million square kilometers, next only to Russia and Canada, including more than 5,000 islands on the sea.
Its territory covers over 50 latitudes from north to south, embracing the equatorial belt, the tropics, the subtropics, the warm temperate zone, the moderate temperate zone and the cold temperate zone. And from east to west, it covers over 62 longitudes, and has longitudinal regular divisions of forests, grasslands, deserts, plains, hilly lands and highlands.
China has many mountains and boasts all the world's 14 highest peaks that are all more than 8,000 meters above sea level. The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, with an average elevation of more than 4,000 meters is known as the "Roof of the World".
Rivers flow from west to east into the Pacific Ocean except a few in southwest China that flow to the south. The nation's largest rivers originate on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and thus have a high drip. The Yangtze River 6,300 kilometers long, is the largest river in China. The Yellow River, the second largest river in China, is also the birthplace of ancient Chinese civilization.Photo Gallery of China Geography