Home : City Guide : Provinces

Henan Province

 

Located on the Central Plains in the mid-east of China, Henan, literally  "to the south of the River"  in Chinese, got its name by having most of her area to the south of the Yellow River. It is also named "Central Plains" or "Central China", with the short form of "Yu". It borders Anhui province and Shandong province to the east, Hebei province and Shanxi province to the north, Shaanxi province to the west and Hubei province to the south. The Yellow River sees Taihang Mountains lying to its north, from north-east to south-west, as well as the east stretch of Qinling Mountain range lying to its south. As a channel connecting the east and the west, the Yellow River basin, through which the famous Silk Road extends westward along with the second Eurasia Continental railway system consisting of Longhai railway and Lanxin railway, connects with the Central Shaanxi Plain and reaches out directly into the Great Northwest of China, and then to west Asia. 

The west part of Henan is higher than the east, geographically. In the west tower the Taihang Mountains and the Yuxi Mountains, the latter being the eastern extension of the Qinling range which fans out eastward. The Funiu Mountain, 1000-2000 meters above sea level, is recognized as the roof of Henan. In the southern part of the province lie the Tongbai Mountains and the Dabie Mountains with an average height of less than 1000 meters. They serve as the watershed of the Huaihe River and the Yangtze River. Along the Yellow River between the Taihang Mountains and the Yuxi Mountains disperse hilly loess lands. In the center of Henan stands the towering Songshan Mountain. In the east part of the province stretches the vast Huanghuai Plain.

The four major rivers, namely the Yellow River, the Huaihe River, the Haihe River and the Yangtze River, stretch over Henan. There are over 1500 rivers crisscrossing, 493 of which cover a drainage area of more than 100 square kilometers for each. The Yellow River flows across the middle of the province with a trunk stream of 711 kilometers long and a drainage area of 36,200 square kilometers, which accounts for approximately one fifth of the coverage of the whole province. The Huaihe River, which winds through the mid-southern part of Henan with numerous branches and abundant water yield, has a trunk stream of 340 kilometers long and a drainage area of about 88,300 square kilometers, which accounts for almost one half of the whole coverage of the province. The Weihe River and the Zhanghe River in the northern part flow into the Haihe River. The Danjiang River, the Tuanhe River and the Tangbai River in the southwest part flow into the Hanshui River. The gross water volume of the province is about 41.3 billion cubic meters, ranking it the 19th in China.

Henan, the cradle of Chinese Civilization
On this amazing land, great civilizations had been created, ranging back in time to the Peiligang culture (dating back to 8000 years), Yangshao culture (dating back to 6000 years) and Longshan culture (dating back to 5000 years). Henan has many historical sites, such as Taihao Grave, located in Huaiyang (a county in southeast of Henan), which is the mausoleum of Fuxishi, the Great Ancestor of China. And Xinzheng city is the native place of Yellow Emperor (a legendary ruler of China in remote antiquity). There are many great and famous people from Henan. Lao Zi and Zhuang Zi, great thinkers and founders of Taoism of the late Spring and Autumn Period, are both from Henan. The world famous ancient scientist and astrologer Zhang Heng and the great musician  Zhu Zaiyu are also from Henan. The Chinese ancestors created a marvelous civilization and made glorious achievements that all Chinese take pride in.

Main Cities of Henan

    Songshan

    The lofty Mt. Songshan is located in the center of the other four sacred moun...
    Shangqiu

    Lying in the easternmost of Henan Province, Shangqiu is one of the birthplace...
    Zhengzhou

    Zhengzhou, the tourist center of central China, is one of the eight ancient c...
    Xinyang

    Located in the southeast of Henan Province, it covers a total area of 18,293 ...
    Kaifeng

    Kaifeng city is located in the northern part of Henan province. It is one of ...
    Luoyang

    Luoyang, located in the mountainous western part of Henan boasts of rich natu...
    Sanmenxia

    Located in the west of Henan Province, Sanmenxia City is seated at the conver...
    Anyang

    Anyang City lies in the northernmost section of Henan Province and is separat...