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Jiangsu Province

 

Jiangsu province lies in the center of China's east coast with the total land coverage of 10.26 square kilometers occupying 1.06% of the whole country's territory, occupiing the southern part of the North China plains and the plains of the Lower Reaches of the Yangtze River. Its landform is mainly plain with lots of rivers and lakes among which there are the third biggest freshwater lake of China, Taihu Lake, and the fourth biggest, Hongze Lake. It has the coastal line of 1000 kilometers long. In its southwest and north edge, some low mountains and hills are distributed. Shanghai, the first biggest city of China, borders upon it. The name "Jiangsu" comes from the combination of the first Chinese character of "Jiang Ning" and "Su Zhou" (two prefectures in the Qing Dynasty); its short form is "Su". The provincial capital is Nanjing.

With a population of about 74.38 million people and 725 residents per square kilometer in average, Jiangsu province takes the first place in China considering the populace density.

Jiangsu Province is situated in the temperate zone and subtropical zone, with a humid and semi-humid monsoon climate. The annual average temperature is 13 centigrade-16 centigrade, -2 centigrade-4 centigrade in January, and 26 centigrade-29 centigrade in July. Nanjing area is one of the three well-known "furnaces" in the Yangtze River basin in the summer season of China. The annual average precipitation is about 800-1200 millimeters. The recorded heaviest precipitation of a day is 314.3 millimeters (in Dongtai City on August 21, 1965). There is more rain when plums are ripe at the time when spring is changing into summer. It rains for a short time, but frequently. It is a common phenomenon that it is raining while the sun is shining. Rains of this period are generally called "plum rains". But on the other hand, because of damp climate and appropriate temperature, mould grows quickly, so this period is also called "mould rains". Typhoons often hit this province at the end of summer and the beginning of autumn.

Jiangsu also boasts for its fame as "the Place of Fish and Rice" owe to its fertile soil and rich products. Its farm produce of foodstuff, oil, cotton, silkworm cocoons, livestock, fowl and fish have always been ranking among the tops in the country.

The proportion of plains and water surfaces ranks Jiangsu the first in China in total size. The marine fisheries area totals 154,000 square km. It is abundant in marine life: yellow-fin tuna, hairtail, changfish, shrimp, algae and shellfish. Jiangsu also has various mineral resources include coal, phosphorous, china clay, sodium salt, silica, marble, argil, limestone and so on, among which clay, halite, ilmenite, tantalum and niobium, rutile and etc. are of high quality and the top reserves in the country. Its crystal mine contains over 99.9% of silicon, which can be compared beauty with the world famous Brazil crystal.

Main Cities of Jiangsu

    Nantong

    Nantong, known as a "Pearl of the River and Sea", is a city with a ...
    Kunshan

    Kunshan, situated in the Yangtze River Delta, is under the jurisdiction of Su...
    Lianyungang

    Situated in the northeast of Jiangsu, Lianyungang is on the shore of the East...
    Xuzhou

    Xuzhou, in the northwest of Jiangsu Province, is located at the intersection ...
    Zhenjiang

    Zhenjiang lies in the southwest of Jiangsu province. It is situated at the in...
    Yangzhou

    Yangzhou, a city famous for its history and culture, is located in the centra...
    Suzhou

    Suzhou, a city in eastern China's Jiangsu Province, is considered as beautifu...
    Wuxi

    Wuxi, also named "Liangxi", is a famous city with a long history in...
    Nanjing

    Nanjing, the capital of ten periods in Chinese history, is a city famed for i...
    Taizhou

    Taizhou, which means "peaceful prefecture" in Chinese, is seated in...
    Yancheng

    Yancheng, referring to "Salt City" in Mandarin, is a city with a hi...
    Changzhou

    Changzhou lies in the south of Jiangsu Province, Yangtze Delta area, neighbor...