Home : City Guide : Provinces

Shaanxi Province

The authentic history museum of China.

Shaanxi Province is located in the very heart of China. Boasting a population of more than 36 million in an area of over 200,000 square kilometers (about 77,225 square miles), Shaanxi includes most of the middle stretch of the Yellow River. It borders Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Henan, Hubei, Sichuan, Gansu and Ningxia.

History
Shaanxi Province is one of the most important cradles of ancient Chinese civilization. As far back as one million years ago, some of China's earliest inhabitants lived in this region, and began spreading their culture along the life-sustaining Yellow River. Throughout the province's long history, there are 13 dynasties who established capitals here, including the Zhou, the Qin, the Han, and the Tang. Because of this rich history, cultural relics and ruins are plentiful, and may be found preserved both above- and underground. So Shaanxi is called the 'authentic history museum' in China.

What to see
There are many historic places to be seen. One of the oldest is the Banpo Village Remains, the site of a 6000-year-old village which belongs to the Neolithic Age. In the capital city, Xian, you can see the City Wall, which was begun in the Han Dynasty, a century before the Christian era, and is now the largest and most well-preserved ancient wall, existing in China. Xian Forest of Stone Steles Museum boasts a largest collection of the stone tablets in China, 114 of which are engraved with 'classic' texts. In or near the city are 72 ancient tombs and remains, including the mausoleum of the Tang emperor Xuanyuan (the Yellow Emperor), who initiated Chinese civilization. There are many more ancient structures and temples such as the Big Goose Pagoda built in 652, Famen Temple, Bell Tower and the Drum Tower. The highlight of a Shaanxi tour for many visitors is the amazing Museum of Qin Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses who guard a site honored as the Eighth Great Wonder of the world.

Shaanxi is also abundant in natural beauty beyond its rich historical legacy. As one of the five best-known mountains in China, Mt. Huashan, 120 kilometers (or 46 miles) east of Xian, is famous for its breath-taking cliffs and awe-inspiring landscape. The Hukou waterfall on Yellow River, the second biggest one in China, is very overbearing and magnificent. And Moutain Lishan and the nearby Huaqing Hot Springs are very attractive. Their beautiful legends will bring you into a moving love story between emperor Xuanzong and a beauty named Yang Guifei.

Shaanxi is both a base area of Chinese new-democratic revolution and a place with unique folk customs. The loud resounding Shaanxi opera, the joyous clattering of gongs and drums, the exquisite cut - paper art and the peasants' paintings full of a rich flavor of life attract more and more tourists' attention from home and abroad.

Main Cities of Shaanxi

    Xi'an

    Xian, the eternal city, records the great changes of the Chinese nation just ...
    Hanzhong

    Located in the southwest of Shaanxi Province, Hanzhong lies to the south of t...
    Yulin

    Located in the north end of Shaanxi Province, Yulin joints up the Loess Plate...
    Xianyang

    Xianyang is located in the center of Shaanxi Province, The geodetic origin of...
    Shangluo

    Located in the southeast of Shaanxi Province, Shangluo lies in the south rang...
    Weinan

    Weinan is situated in the east-central area of Shaanxi Province, separated fr...
    Yan'an

    Yan'an is located on the Loess Plateau in northern Shaanxi Province. The old ...
    Baoji

    Baoji (or Paoki) is an important junction point for the line to Chengdu, in S...
    Ankang

    Located in the southeast of Shannxi Province, Ankang neighbors Xi'an in the n...
    Tongchuan

    The city is located in central Shaanxi Province, on the southern fringe of th...