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Xinjiang Autonomous Region

 

Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is located in northwest China, the geographical center of Asia and Europe mainland. Xinjiang covers over 1,600,000 square kilometers (617,763 square miles), one-sixth of China's total territory, making it China's largest province. Xinjiang borders Tibet, Qinghai, Gansu, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kirghizstan, Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. With a population of over 19 million, Xinjiang is home to 47 ethnic groups including the Uygur, the major ethnic group in Xinjiang, the Hans, Kazakhs, Huis and Kirgizs.

The local folklore is rich and varied. Xinjiang was a key link on the Silk Road and a hub for east west cultural exchanges in ancient times. Xinjiang's fascinating scenery includes snowy mountains and lakes, glaciers and rivers, deserts and oases, gobi deserts and prairies, mirages, wind eroded landforms, and the Yadan topography. It is a nice place for those tourists who seek to get lost for a while in the embrace of nature.

While Xinjiang is famous for the ancient Silk Road, it is also home to 256 ancient cultural sites, tombs, ruins, Buddhist caves, stone sculptures and numerous contemporary monuments, some 154 of the sites are under state protection. In recent years, the region has opened 22 nature reserves for the protection of flora and fauna. The discovery of petroglyphs in Altay and dinosaur fossils has aroused the interests of experts, scholars and tourists alike.

Climate: While Xinjiang enjoys between 2,500 to 3,000 hours of sunshine each year, the amount of annual precipitation for the entire region averages a mere 150 milliliters (ml), and thus the air is quite dry.

Main Cities of Xinjiang

    Turpan

    Turpan, which means 'Rich and Fertile Land' in Turki literally, is reputed as...
    Aksu

    Aksu Prefecture is located in the western part of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous R...
    Ili

    Lying at the north foot of the Tianshan Mountain, Ili Kazak Autonomous Prefec...
    Urumqi

    Located in the northwest of China, Urumqi is the capital of Xinjiang Autonomo...
    Korla

    Korla or Kuerle is a mid-sized city in central Xinjiang. Korla is the capital...
    Kashgar

    The Tianshan Mountain cuts Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region into two: the sou...
    Karamay

    Karamay is situated in northwestern Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region at the e...