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Guizhou Province

 

Guizhou province is called "Qian" or "Gui" for its short forms. Located on the eastern slope of Yunnan--Guizhou Plateau, Guizhou borders provinces (region and municipality) of Hunan, Guangxi, Yunnan, Sichuan and Chongqing to the east, south, west, and north respectively. The province becomes an important access to the sea and a transportation hub for Southwest China.

The province covers an area of 176,100 square kilometers, accounting for 1.8% of the national area. The altitude is 1,100 meters on average. Mountains and hills make up 92.5% of the total provincial area, of which 61.9% is dominated by karst landform. Guizhou is one of the most developed karst landform regions in the world.

The province has a subtropical monsoon climate and the weather is normally mild, neither frigid in winter nor scorching in summer. The rainfall is plentiful and the average temperatures are 5.2 centigrade in January and 24.3 centigrade in July.

Guizhou is one of the important birthplaces of the Chinese ancients and there were human activities 500,000 or 600,000 years ago. In 1382 (the 15th year of Hongwu Emperor in the Ming Dynasty), a first military organization was set up. Guizhou officially became a province-level administration in 1413 (the 11th year of Yongle Emperor of the Ming Dynasty).

There are many ethnic groups in the province with a population of 39,310,000. 49 ethnic groups are living in Guizhou, 17 of whom are ethnic minorities and have lived here for generations. Ten ethnic groups of Han, Miao, Bouyei, Dong, Tujia, Yi, Gelao, Shui, Hui and Bai have a population of over 100,000 respectively. The population of ethnic minorities account for 36.77% of the provincial total, ranking third in China.

Guizhou Province is unfamiliar to many travelers and tourists. However, the peculiar natural scenery, remarkable national customs, brilliant history, culture and the pleasant climate condition form a unique, aboriginal, unsophisticated and mysterious landscape which is attracting more and more tourists, both domestic and international. Maolan Karst Forest Natural Conservation, which contains mountains, water, forests and caves, all in the same location, is breathtaking. 

Huangguoshu Waterfall is the biggest in China and among the world's famous waterfalls. Dragon Palace, which is located nearly twenty miles southwest of Anshun City, is a splendid underground Karst type cave. It looks like a fairy tale crystal palace. A boat-ride will take you to see the magnificent views in the caves, and you will feel like you are in a fairyland. 

Zhijin Cave Scenic Spot is another highlight. It is famous for its massive, scale, stalagmites, stone pillars and stone pagodas in unbelievable heights and numbers. There are over forty kinds of Karst precipitation formations in the cave. The Zhinjin Cave is known as "the Museum of Karst Formation". Hongfeng (Red Maple) Lake scenic spot, thirty-three kilometers from Guiyang city, is also worth a visit. It has over 100 islands within the clear blue water lake. The karst land formations, fascinating water and hills, as well as the spectacular caves make this area a state ranked key scenic location.

Main Cities of Guizhou

    Kaili

    Around 195km almost directly east of Guiyang, Kaili is a fairly uninspiring k...
    Tongren

    Tongren Prefecture lies in the northeast of Guizhou Province. As an inland mo...
    Guiyang

    Guiyang, the capital of Guizhou Province, has an area of 2,406 square km., an...
    Zunyi

    Zunyi is the 2nd city of Guizhou province. It is located in the northern and it'...
    Anshun

    Anshun lies in the middle of guizhou province. It has an area of 14,900 square k...
    Bijie

    Bijie Region is located in the northwest of Guizhou Province. It neighbors Anshu...